New Mexico
Environment Department

Contact Information:
(505) 827-2855 MAIN // 1-800-219-6157 (toll free)
Environmental Emergencies:
505-827-9329 (24 hrs)

KAFB Bulk Fuels Facility – Jet Fuel Plume Remediation

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About the Project – Site History & Project Timeline
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Site History

The Bulk Fuels Facility is located in the northwestern portion of Kirtland Air Force Base (AFB) in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The Facility and associated infrastructure operated from 1953 until 1999. During this time, the fueling area was separated into a tank holding area where bulk shipments of fuel were received by rail cars and a fuel loading area where individual fuels trucks were filled. It is believed that gradual leaking from damaged underground fuel lines occurred undetected at some time between the mid-1950s and 1990’s.  Kirtland AFB removed the facility from service in 1999 due to the discovery of the underground leakage.

The exact history of the leaks or releases is unknown. Initially, it was thought that the leak only affected surface soil around the identified source area. Kirtland AFB learned through additional investigation activities conducted between 2004 and 2007 that the leaked fuel had reached the groundwater table.

  • 1951 – Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB) Bulk Fuels Facility (BFF) constructed.
  • 1975 – Handling of aviation gasoline containing EDB discontinued (groundwater contamination contains EDB).
  • 1999 – KAFB notified NMED of soil contamination from underground piping and ceased use of piping.
  • 2001 – KAFB notified NMED of groundwater contamination with dissolved fuel constituents.
  • 2003 – Soil vapor extraction (SVE) technology began to remediate the contaminated soil in the vadose zone (i.e., unsaturated soil).
  • 2007 – Fuel discovered floating on groundwater; attempted to skim fuelfrom water table with limited success.
  • 2009 – Water level rise begins to submerge LNAPL within aquifer.
  • 2010 – The NMED Hazardous Waste Bureau began regulatory oversight of the cleanup project under the KAFB RCRA Permit.
      • Site investigation and cleanup activities follow the Corrective Action Process of the Kirtland AFB Hazardous Waste Treatment Facility Operating Permit.
  • 2010 to present –  site characterization and interim remediation measures.  Please see these pages for more information:
      • Site Characterization
      • Remediation Strategies
      • Project Accomplishments

< Project Activities page (for project activities from 2014 – present)


Current Project Timeline


The broad-scale timeline below highlights the site investigation and interim measure activities planned.